Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Father of the Philippine Revolution: Andres Bonifacio

Today, being "Bonifacio Day",
let us give our thanks and say a prayer for a great hero,
who, sad to say,
didn't die in the hands of the enemies,
but by the hands of our own countrymen...
truly a sad moment in our history.
Mabuhay ka, Supremo! ♥

(Source: Paolo P. of

Andres Bonifacio was born on November 30, 1863 to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro.

Orphaned at an early age, the siblings made canes and paper fans to meet their necessities.
He also made posters for commercial firms as he had a fine penmanship.
He was later employed as a clerk messenger in the British commercial firm of Fleming and Company.
His industry and honesty earned him promotion.
As agent of the firm, he was authorized to sell rattan and other articles of trade.
It was while working for this firm that he learned the rudiments of the English language.
Later, he transferred as an agent at Fresell and Company, a German commercial firm.

To educate himself, he bought a few good books and read them avidly.
Among these were Robiespier’s The French Revolution, Eugene’s Sue’s The Wandering Jew, Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables, Rizal’s Noli and Fili, The Ruins of Palmyras, the Holy Bible, International Law, Penal and Civil Code, the Lives of the Presidents of the Unted States and the novels of Alexander Dumas and his son.
He also joined dramatic societies in Tondo.
He took part in moro-moros, founded the El Teatro Porvenir and gradually changed to Tagalog the names of things, places and scenes in Spanish plays staged in the vernacular.

The founding of the Katipunan took place on July 7, 1892 in a house on Calle Ilaya with Ladislao Diwa, Teodoro Plata and Deodato Arellano.
Its full name was the Kataastaasang Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan.
Bonifacio’s adopted name was Maypagasa.
His wife, Gregoria de Jesus was initiated into the organization as Lakambini and was made custodian of the Katipunan seal and of the society’s valuable papers.
It was at this time that Bonifacio became closely acquainted with Emilio Jacinto, then a law student of the Unviersity of Santo Tomas.
Bonifacio chose Jacinto to be the Secretary of the Supreme Council.

(Source: Paolo P. of

This flag was made by Benita Rodriguez and Gregoria De Jesus (Bonifacio's wife) upon the request of Bonifacio.
As shown on the drawing the flag was a red rectangular piece of cloth, locally called "Kundiman " with three white K on it .
The adoption of the red color on the Katipunan flags has origin in the various flags used in all the Filipino, Moro and Malesian area as symbol of war and bravery; it was also part of the traditional old tagalog dress; the"putong", a normal male headdress in fact was red in the case of those who had personally killed an enemy.
Anyway we can't exclude Andres Bonifacio also used the red color on flags as a result of the reading of the book : "Les Miserables " by Victor Hugo, in which it spoke about the red flags and banners used during: "La Commune de Paris ", one of the first revolutionary riots against the French Monarchy.

Picture of the personal flag or standard of Andres Bonifacio;
 the flag at present is kept inside the Museo Ng Katipunan, Barangay Bulaklakan, Lipa City.

(Source of KKK flag images: Paolo P. of

In San Mateo and Montalban mountains, they came upon the caves of Makarok and Pamitinan.
Deep inside the cave of Pamitinan, they undertook the initiation rites and Andres wrote on its wall, “Long live Philippine independence.”
Back in Manila, he expanded the society’s activities, imposed discipline on its members, embarked on espionage missions to keep them well informed of the movements of the Spanish civil and ecclesiastical officials.
In May 1896, it was decided to consult the support of Rizal the moment the armed clash start.
Dr. Pio Valenzuela was chosen to go to Dapitan.
Dr. Rizal, however, advised the group that the Filipinos must be financially and militarily prepared before staging an armed revolution.
After the discovery of the Katipunan by the Spanish authorities, Bonifacio ordered his men to assemble in Balintawak.
In a place called Kangkong, on the 21st of August in the house of Apolonio Samson, they discussed the start of the armed rebellion.
On August 23, in the yard of Juan Ramos, the son of Tandang Sora, Bonifacio and his men decided to start the armed uprising on the 29th.
There they tore their cedulas to symbolize their determination to rise in arms and to free the country from Spanish rule.
After some skirmishes in Balara, Marikina and then HalangBato, Bonifacio proclaimed the general uprising against Spain on Saturday, August 29, 1896.
The flame of armed resistance swiftly engulfed nearby towns.
On August 30, 1896, the Governor General Blanco declared Martial law in the provinces of Manila, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Bulacan, Pampanga, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.

Meanwhile, in Cavite, Aguinaldo proposed the establishment of a revolutionary government.
However, the issue issue as to who should head the new government divided the Katipunan, Cavite chapter.
The Magdalo faction maintained that the victories were attributed to Aguinaldo’s leadership while the Magdiwang faction held on to the idea that since they were the instigators of the rebellion in Cavite, they were entitled to higher recognition as leaders of the armed organization.
They also believed that the question of leadership can only be resolved by Bonifacio, thus they invited him to the Imus Assembly.
No agreement was reached though they agreed to hold another meeting in Tejeros on March 22, 1897.
Before the assembly started it was agreed that everyone will respect the decision of the majority.
In the election for presidency, Aguinaldo was elected in absentia.
Bonifacio placed second.
Severion de las Alas suggested that Bonifacio be the vice president but his idea was not heeded.
Mariano Trias was elected vice president and Bonifacio was chosen minister of the interior.
His qualifications, however, were questioned by Daniel Tirona who said that a lawyer was more fit to occupy the office.
Feeling gravely insulted, Bonifacio threatened to shoot Tirona but cooler heads intervened.
Bonifacio and his followers believed that as Bonifacio was the initiator of the armed rebellion, he should have been president.

Bonifacio and his followers declared the Tejeros Convention null and void.
Even Gen.Ricarte affirmed the irregularity of the elections by refusing to take his oath as Captain General but he was prevailed.
Bonifacio, his wife, brothers and few followers left for Indang, Cavite but were overtaken by the followers of the Magdalo faction.
In a fight, his brother Ciriaco was killed and Bonifacio was severely wounded.
Gregoria, Andres and another brother, Procopio were taken to Maragondon where they were tried by a military court presided by General Mariano Noriel and were found guilty of sedition.
They were condemned to death but this sentence was commuted by Aguinaldo to exile.
Upon learning of this decision, Gen.Mariano Noriel and General Pio del Pilar rushed to Aguinaldo and prevailed upon him to confirm the original sentence in order to safeguard the interest of the revolution and prevent the demoralization of the officers and men.
Aguinaldo acceded to their entreaties.

On May 10, 1897, Bonifacio and his brother Procopio were taken by Maj.Lazaro Makapagal from the prison at Maragondon and were brought to Mt. Buntis where they were shot.

On the early morning of May 10, 1897, a group of soldiers led by General Lazaro Makapagal brought Andres and Procopio from the Maragondon jail.
This was the order of General Mariano Noriel, president of the council of war that tried the Bonifacio brothers.
Makapagal had been handed a sealed letter, with strict orders to read it after reaching Mt.Nagpatong in the Maragondon mountains.
Only four soldiers were selected by the general to accompany him on this mission.

When the soldiers and their two prisoners reached Mt. Nagpatong, Makapagal opened the sealed letter.
It was an order from General Noriel to execute Andres and Procopio.
Makapagal immediately carried out the general’s command and the Bonifacio brothers were shot.
Using their bayonets and bolos (long knives), the soldiers dug shallow grave for the two men.
After covering the bodies with twigs and weeds, they hurriedly left to escape the Spanish troops who were combing the mountains of Maragondon.
The Bonifacio brothers were killed on Monday, May 10, 1897.
Andres was only 34 years old.
Some twenty years passed.
On March 17, 1918, Lazaro Makapagal came back to Cavite.
He was accompanied by a group of government officials, two former Cavite generals, and former soldiers of the Philippine Revolution.
They went to a lonely spot on a sugarcane field in the Maragondon mountains to find Andres Bonifacio’s grave.
The place had changed a lot.
An old and loyal servant of Bonifacio showed them the way and identified his master’s remains.

Bonifacio’s bones were placed in an urn and kept in the Legislative Building (now the National Museum).
Bonifacio’s papers and personal belongings, including his revolver and bolo, were also kept here.
In February 1945, during the battle to free Manila from the Japanese, the building and the remains of Andres Bonifacio were destroyed in a fire.


Simulan na po natin ang kwentuhan.
Hindi pala tamang ipasok sa ating isipan na si Andres Bonifacio (SUPREMO) ay isang taong naka-camisa-de-chino na mukhang magsasaka, nakayapak, may dalang itak at sumisigaw ng "SUGOD MGA KAPATID" (makikita natin na naka-coat si SUPREMO sa kanyang ONLY picture na nasa studio sa taas).
Si Andres Bonifacio (SUPREMO) pala ay "literate man" at sa labanan, ay may dalang baril.
Ang SUPREMO ay nagtrabaho sa maituturing nating multi-national company noong panahon na iyon.
Itinatag ni Andres Bonifacio (SUPREMO) ang KKK kasama si Emilio Jacinto at Dr. Pio Valenzuela.
Itinatag ng SUPREMO ang KKK after na hindi na umubra ang LA LIGA FILIPINA nila Rizal.
Nawalan ng saysay ang LA LIGA FILIPINA after damputin ng mga Kastila si Jose Rizal.
Mapapansin po ninyo ang dahilan ng SUPREMO kaya niya itinayo ang KKK.
Para ipagpatuloy ang sinimulan ng LA LIGA FILIPINA.
Hindi niya inagaw ang pamumuno ng LA LIGA FILIPINA.
(Hindi kagaya ng pag-aagawang nangyari sa TEJEROS CONVENTION, pag-uusapan po natin mamaya ang TEJEROS

Si Emilio Jacinto ay isang matalinong estudyante ng kolehiyo sa Letran.
Maraming sulat si Andres Bonifacio (SUPREMO) kay Emilio Jacinto at sa mga sulat na yun, makikita natin ang "intimate" relationship ng dalawa.
(Close ang dalawang bayani.)
Pati si Gregoria Bonifacio (asawa ng supremo) ay sumusulat din kay Emilio Jacinto.
Close ang mag-asawang Bonifacio kay Emilio Jacinto.
Ang mga sekreto ng Katipunan na sinulat ng SUPREMO kay Emilio Jacinto na kung mababasa ng mga Kastila ay malamang eh patayin ang messenger ng Katipunan na may dala ng sulat.
Mahalaga nating maalala na wala pa pong cell phone noon.
 Walang txt, walang email.
Walang telepono ang mga Katipunero upang pag-usapan ang kanilang taktika sa giyera.

Ang isa sa mga messenger ng KKK ay si Genaro de los Reyes.
 (Naglalakad lang ang mga messenger dati paikut-ikot sa kalakhang Manila at karatig bayan, kaya delikadong tungkulin ang pagiging messenger ng Katipunan.)
Pati sila Andres Bonifacio (SUPREMO), Emilio Jacinto at iba pang mga bayani ay naglalakad lang.


Noong pasimulan ni Supremo ang giyera, sinimulan nila sa puso ng mga manglulupig, sa Manila.
Oo nga naman, ang karamihan ng Kastila ay nakahimpil sa Manila noong mga panahong iyon.
Kung sisimulan nga naman ang Filipino-Spanish war, let's say sa Bulacan, Pampanga or Cavite, bago pa man sila makarating sa Manila, eh mahaharang na sila agad ng mga Kastila.
August 30, 1896, inatake at nilusob nila SUPREMO ang gunpowder storehouse sa San Juan.
Matagumpay nilang naisagawa ang una at impresibong atake laban sa mga Kastila.

You see?
Matalinong bayani si Andres Bonifacio.
Hindi siya tanga.
Eh bakit daw, "maraming" natikmang talo si Andres Bonifacio sa pakikipaglaban?
Hello, Central of Power kaya ang nilusob ni Andres Bonifacio, what would you expect.
Kahit si Aguinaldo, nakatikim din ng mga pagkatalo sa ibang labanan.
Kung pagalingan sa pagiging General ang pag-uusapan, mas magaling at kinatatakutang general si Antonio Luna, na pinatay ng mga ka-traydoran ng mga tauhan ni Aguinaldo.

May mga napanalunan din naman si Andres Bonifacio pero hindi ang point sa paramihan eh.
Yung mga inaaping Pinoy noon, naghihintay lang naman sila ng magsisimula ng paglaban sa Kastila eh.
At si Andres Bonifacio ang nagbigay sa kanila ng lakas ng loob na "KAYA NATIN ito mga kapatid".

Emilio Aguinaldo?
Siya ay sumali sa KKK under the leadership ni Andres Bonifacio.
Si Andres Bonifacio ang nagpasimula ng giyera at hindi si Emilio Aguinaldo.
Under lang ni Andres Bonifacio si Emilio Aguinaldo.
May gobyerno na ang mga katipunan/katagalugan bago ang Tejeros Convention.
Ang supremo ang nagbigay ng lakas ng loob sa mga pinoy na ang dala ay itak at konting baril upang lumaban.
Logic dictates, na alam din ni Emilio Aguinaldo na tama ang decision ni Andres Bonifacio.
Hindi minagaling ni Aguinaldo na simulan ang pag-aalsa sa Cavite.
Sa Manila nga dapat simulan ang giyera.

May baril ka nga, wala naman sa puso mo ang paglaban, wala din.

Everyone knows na ang paglaban ng mga Pinoy sa kastila is quite premature.
May mga puso na sila sa paglaban noon pero wala pa silang armas to ensure their victory.
May meeting ang Katipunan dati sa Antipolo, May 3, 1896. Napag-usapan doon ang pagsimula ng giyera.
During ng kanilang meeting, nag-suggest na ang SUPREMO na simulan na ang atake.
The willingness to attack is already at the hearts ng mga pinoy.
Marami na din ang napapatay at napaghihinalaan ng mga kastila about sa pag-alsa.
Hindi sumang-ayon sila Aguinaldo (Magdalo) at Santiago V. Alvarez (Magdiwang) kay SUPREMO, magpadami pa daw muna ng armas.
Ang SUPREMO ay tumitingin sa kahinugan ng puso ng mga pinoy.
Pinadala nila si Dr. Pio Valenzuela sa Dapitan upang kumunsulta kay Jose Rizal.
As always, Jose Rizal is still convinced na hindi dahas ang sagot sa pananakop ng kastila.
Jose Rizal still believes that the Spaniards can still be convinced by words.
Jose Rizal was wrong.
Yung mga kasama niya was playing safe.
So they decided to hold off the war for the moment.

Ang nakakalungkot ay may 2 pinoy na nag-away tungkol sa pagtaas ng sweldo sa paggawaan ng diyaryo.
Yung isang pinoy, "kapatid" sa KKK, yung isa hindi.
Ang pag-aaway ng dalawang pinoy ang naghatid sa pagkakabunyag ng KKK.
Ito ang nag-pasimula ng "premature" war ng mga Filipino against sa mga kastila.

Dumating ang August 1896 ay sumigaw ng paglaban sila Bonifacio laban sa mga kastila.
Sumunod ang mga karatig lalawigan sa pag-alsa sa mga kastila.
Kasunod ng pasimula ng giyera ng mga pinoy laban sa kastila, ang pag-alsa ay kumalat at nakarating sa Cavite.
Sa Cavite ipinanganak ang samahang Magdalo.

Sa pangungulit ng mga Magdiwang sa Supremo na dumalaw sa Cavite upang makita ang progress ng samahan sa Cavite ay na-convince ang SUPREMO na pumunta sa Cavite.
At sa nakikitang pagkakahiwa-hiwalay ng Magdalo at Magdiwang sa pag-sugpo sa kaaway, pumunta na din ang SUPREMO sa Cavite upang pag-isahin ang mga pinoy.
Ang masama, pagdating ng SUPREMO sa Cavite, may mga leaflets na nagkalat upang sirain ang pagkatao at credibilidad ng SUPREMO sa pagiging lider ng Rebolusyon. Nagkahugutan ng baril ang Supremo at si Daniel Tirona tungkol sa leaflets.
Ito ang unang pagkakataon na binunutan ng Baril ng SUPREMO si Daniel Tirona.

Ang Magdalo at Magdiwang factions pala is actually umiikot lang mainly sa Cavite.
Ang mga lider nila ay sila Baldomero Aguinaldo (Magdalo) at si Mariano Alvarez (Magdiwang).
(Contrary to popular belief na ang Magdalo-Magdiwang is Aguinaldo-Bonifacio factions.)
Not entirely involved ang ibang lalawigan sa Magdalo at Magdiwang Rivalry.
May mga nabasa akong ang Magdalo is mababa ang tingin kay SUPREMO.
The reason kung bakit sumang-ayon ang SUPREMO sa TEJEROS CONVENTION is para pagkaisahin ang grupo ng MAGDALO at MAGDIWANG.
Ang malas nga lang, nung nagsisimula na ang TEJEROS CONVENTION, pinalitan ang agenda ng meeting.
Palitan na daw ang KKK ng isang REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT.

Pumayag ang SUPREMO sa isang halalan sa isang condition na igagalang ng nakakarami ang magiging resulta.
Nanalo si Aguinaldo sa pagiging Presidente.
Nagpatuloy ang halalan.
 Pinabayaan pa ng SUPREMO ang halalan hanggang sa gumawa ng eksena si Daniel Tirona.
Kinuwestion ni Daniel Tirona ang educational background ng SUPREMO sa pagiging Director Interior.

Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa
(Love for Birthland)
Andres Bonifacio

Aling pag-ibig pa ang hihigit kaya
(which love could be greater)
Sa pagkadalisay at pagkadakila
(in purity and majesty)
Gaya ng pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa
(like the love to the birthland)
Aling pag-ibig pa? Wala na nga wala.
(Which love? Nothing else, nothing)

Walang mahalagang hindi inihandog
(Nothing worthy cannot be presented)
Ng may pusong wagas sa bayang nagkupkop.
(with an everlasting love for the country that cared)
Dugo, yaman, dunong, katiisa’t pagod:
(Blood, wealth, reason, sacrifice and fatigue)
Buhay ma’y abuting magkalagot-lagot
(Even life may become too difficult)

Ang nakaraang panahon ng aliw
(The past season of fun)
Ang inaasahang araw na darating
(the hope that tomorrow brings)
Ng pagkatimawa ng mga alipin
(the poorness of the slaves)
Liban pa sa bayan saan tatanghalin?
(Other than this country, where else could they be honored?)
Sa aba ng abang mawalay sa bayan
(The fear, the fear of losing the country)
Gunita ma’y laging sakbibi ng lumbay
(Even if its memory is coupled with sadness)

Walang alaalang inaasam-asam
(No other memory is ever hoped for)
Kundi ang makita lupang tinubuan.
(than to see the land where we grow up with)

Kayong nalagasan ng bunga’t bulaklak
(You who lost fruits and flowers)
Kahoy niyaring buhay na nilanta’t sukat
(Wood stripped off of life and withered)
Ng bala-balaki’t makapal na hirap
(with different fors of hardships)
Muling manariwa’t sa baya’y lumiyag
(live once again and stand for the country)

Ipakahandog-handog ang buong pag-ibig
(Offer your whole love)
Hanggang sa may dugo’y ubusing itigis
(Until blood runs dry)
Kung sa pagtatanggol buhay ang kapalit
(If in defending, life is the price)
Ito’y kapalaran at tunay na langit
(This is fate and true heaven)

Aling pag-ibig pa ang hihigit kaya
Sa pagkadalisay at pagkadakila
Gaya ng pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa
Aling pag-ibig pa wala na nga wala
Gaya ng pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa
Aling pag-ibig pa? Wala na nga wala

Andres Bonifacio Case Unclosed (Lihim ng 1897)
TV Documentary by GMA

Looking Back:
 The mystery of Bonifacio’s Bones
By: Ambeth R. Ocampo
Philippine Daily Inquirer

Wednesday, November 30th, 2011

On Nov. 30, 1863, a boy was born in Tondo to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro.
In the church calendar the day 30 is marked as the feast of St. Andrew, so the child was christened Andres Bonifacio.
During the Spanish period Nov. 30 was celebrated in Spanish Manila because San Andres was considered one of the heavenly protectors of the Walled City.
It is still a holiday in our times because the nation honors Andres Bonifacio, one of our many national heroes, the Supremo of the Katipunan.
Some people make the mistake of declaring that Bonifacio is the “Hero of Manila"
That title rightfully belongs to Soliman who defended but lost Maynila, which was enclosed by wooden palisades, to the Spaniards in the 16th century.
Our history can often be confused and confusing because we keep changing the titles of our heroes, just as quickly as we encounter changes in our street names.
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or Edsa has been with us for a while, its name “sanctified by usage,” its name recorded in history as the site of People Power I and II.
Now a well-meaning lawmaker, without complete staff work, proposes to rename Edsa to CCAA or Corazon C. Aquino Avenue.
To complicate matters further, Cory happens to be the sainted mother of the incumbent President.
We know that Jose Rizal is buried under the Rizal Monument in Luneta, Emilio Aguinaldo behind his mansion in Kawit, Apolinario Mabini in Batangas, and Juan Luna in a crypt at San Agustin Church in Intramuros.
Gregoria de Jesus is joined by many other historical people in the Manila North Cemetery.
But where is Bonifacio buried?
The Supremo has not been accorded a proper burial because we do not know where his remains are.
Some bones exhumed in Maragondon, Cavite, in 1918 were said to be Bonifacio’s.
I never believed these to be authentic because history tells us that Andres and Procopio Bonifacio were executed in Maragondon on May 10, 1897.
A revolutionary court found them guilty of treason and sentenced them both to death.
The brothers Bonifacio were buried in the same grave, yet only one set of bones was exhumed in 1918.
If these are indeed the remains of Andres Bonifacio, where are the remains of Procopio?
If these are the bones of Procopio, then where are the bones of Andres?
It is widely believed that the so-called Bonifacio bones exhumed in 1918 were deposited in the National Library and Museum, where they were lost or destroyed during the Battle for Manila in 1945.
There is another story that says these bones were interred at the base of the Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan, the masterpiece by Guillermo Tolentino that has given its name to the place everyone knows today as “Monumento.”
A certain Dr. Servando de los Angeles claimed that after the bones were examined and “authenticated” by Dr. Sixto de los Angeles (the relation between the two is not known), they were cremated and deposited under the Bonifacio Monument, which was completed in 1933.
Guillermo Masangkay claimed that the bones were kept and later destroyed in the Legislative Building in 1945.
If we follow the bones, as reported in the newspapers, these were exposed for veneration by the public in the Temple of the Legionarios del Trabajo at the junction of Azcarraga and Soler in downtown Manila, until Manuel Quezon caused them to be transferred to the National Museum where they were destroyed during the World War II.
Then there was an item in The Independent of March 6, 1926, entitled “Desaparicion de los restos del gran plebeyo?” that stated:
“The most salient note of the week is the mysterious disappearance of the remains, supposed or authentic, of Andres Bonifacio which were deposited in the Templo de Jerusalem de los Legionario del Trabajo after it arrived in Manila from Maragondon, Cavite, where they were exhumed three months ago (sic).”
“No one knows for sure where the thief brought the remains of the Great Plebian, but we remember the discussion and conflicts that were exchanged upon the transfer of the remains to Manila.
While the Veteranos de la Revolucion maintain that these remains are not Bonifacio’s, others affirm, among them the bibliographer Epifanio de los Santos, that they are authentic. The police are engaged in the corresponding investigation.”
I believe these controversial “Bonifacio bones” disappeared because they would not have withstood closer scrutiny.
The last time they were seen was in 1926 in the Temple of the Legionarios del Trabajo.
Where are they now should not matter because the Bonifacio brothers lie somewhere in the Maragondon mountain range waiting to be found and exhumed.
Only then can the Bonifacio brothers be given a proper burial with full state honors.
When we make floral offerings and speeches at the Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan or the Bonifacio Shrine in Manila, we commemorate a hero before empty graves.
Points sa Tejeros Convention:
Hindi dapat ituring na "NATIONAL" election ang Tejeros Convention
dahil HINDI WELL-REPRESENTED ang walong lalawigan
na nagpasimula ng pag-alsa ng mga Pilipino sa Kastila.

Mostly mga Caviteno ang attendees ng Tejeros Convention.

Wala ang mahahalagang personalidad sa halalan gaya mismo nila Emilio Aguinaldo, Emilio Jacinto at iba pa.

Ang buong Katipunan o mga Pilipinong lumalaban sa Kastila ay walang kinalaman sa naganap na halalan.
Bakit hindi man lang yata naparusahan ang nagpakalat ng leaflets against sa SUPREMO bago naganap ang halalan?
Bakit biglang nawala si Daniel Tirona sa Tejeros Convention after niyang hindi igalang ang pagka-halal ng SUPREMO?
Masasabi mo bang naging malinis ang election sa Tejeros Convention after mong mabasa ito?
(vote ballots were already filled-out before the counting)
First case of ‘dagdag-bawas’?
Nag-walk out ang SUPREMO at mga kasama sa Tejeros Convention.
Ginawa nila ang Acta De Tejeros para baliktarin ang nangyari sa Tejeros Convention.
Ngunit huli na ang lahat.
Desidido na ang Cavite Government ni Aguinaldo upang hulihin sila Bonifacio.
Nilitis ang magkapatid na Bonifacio.
Sinabing tinangka daw ng SUPREMO na patayin daw si Aguinaldo.
During the trial, hiniling ng SUPREMO na makita si Pedro Giron (ang accuser/witness),
Sinabi ng korte na namatay na daw si Pedro Giron sa Naik.
Nakita pa pong buhay si Pedro Giron after mapatay ang mga Bonifacio.
Tsk, tsk, tsk.
Unfair Trial.
May mga Historian na nagsasabi na dapat lang patayin si Bonifacio kasi
magkakahati ang mga Pilipino sa pakikipaglaban sa mga Kastila.
Masaya ko pong sasagutin ang mga historians na ito.
Hindi ako nagmamagaling pero baka hindi pa nakikita ng mga historians ang mga points na ito.

1. Noong pinatay ba si Bonifacio (ANG SUPREMO), lumakas ba or humina ang Rebolusyon?
~Sa libro ni Adrian Cristobal, may sinabi siyang ang ibang mga Katipunero ay
nagsipagbalik sa pagsasaka after ng pagkakapatay sa SUPREMO.
~Nagkaisa nga ba ang mga Pinoy after nang pagkakapatay sa SUPREMO or lalong na-divide?
~Natuwa ba ang mga Katipunero sa pagkakapatay sa SUPREMO?
Ang halimbawa dito ay si Emilio Jacinto.
Hindi po sumama si Emilio Jacinto kay Aguinaldo.
Nagpatuloy po si Emilio Jacinto sa pakikipaglaban hanggang siya ay mamatay sa Laguna.
Hiwalay po ang lakad ni Emilio Jacinto kay Aguinaldo.

2. Si Andres Bonifacio lang ba ang naging biktima nila Emilio Aguinaldo et al?
Nabasa na po ba ninyo ang nangyari sa buhay ni Antonio Luna?
Ang ganda po ng pagkakalahad ng wikipedia kay Antonio Luna.
Isang napakatapang na General pala si Antonio Luna.
Ang kasamaang palad, ang Kawit Batallion ay ayaw sumunod kay Antonio Luna (sa gitna ng pakikibaka sa Amerikano).
Naganap po ito sa THE BATTLE AT CALOOCAN.
Tumanggi ang mga taga-Kawit sa pagsunod kay Antonio Luna.
June 2, 1899: Nakatanggap ng telegram si Antonio Luna galing kay Aguinaldo.
Pumunta daw siya sa Aguinaldo headquarters sa Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija dahil may meeting daw.
Pagdating ni Antonio Luna meeting place, cancel daw ang meeting.
Wala si Aguinaldo doon, pero nandun ang mga tauhan ni Emilio.
Binaril at pinatay si Antonio Luna at kanyang mga kasama.
Nakapagsalita pa si Antonio Luna bago mamatay.
"Cowards! Assassins!”
(May report na nakita ng nanay ni Emilio ang pagpatay kay Antonio Luna.)
Nung makita ng nanay ni Emilio na nakahilata na si Antonio Luna, sumigaw daw ang nanay ni Aguinaldo na...
 "Nagalaw pa ba yan?"

The demise of Luna, the most brilliant and capable of the Filipino generals, was a decisive factor in the fight against the American forces.
Even the American enemy developed an astonished admiration for him.
One of them, Gen.Hughes of the American Army, said, of his death, probably relishing the irony, “The Filipinos had only one general, and they have killed him.”

Sunod-sunod na po ang pagkatalo ni Aguinaldo after patayin si Antonio Luna.
Hanggang napatakbo na nga si Emilio Aguinaldo sa Isabela at doon siya nahuli.
Ito po ang nakakatawa.
After patayin si Andres Bonifacio,
pumirma si Aguinaldo ng pagsuko sa Kastila (Biak-Na-Bato Pact: December 14, 1897)
After patayin si Antonio Luna,
nag-pledge of allegiance si Aguinaldo sa mga Amerikano. (April 1, 1901)
Nakakatawa di po ba?
Pumirma sila Aguinaldo et al sa Biak-Na-Bato Pact para may pangbili ng armas?
Nasaan ang armas na binili nila?
May mga recent found documents na nagpapakita na bago pa ang Tejeros Convention, eh nakikipag-usap na sila Aguinaldo sa mga prayle para isuko ang laban.
Part ng kasunduan sa Biak-Na-Bato Pact na titigil na sa atake ang mga Pinoy.
After nagpuntang Hongkong ang grupo nila Aguinaldo, nagpatuloy na din ang laban ng mga Pinoy.
Ano ang ibig sabihin nito?
Na hindi payag ang mga Pinoy sa Biak-na-Bato pact?
Or hindi alam ng mga Pinoy ang kasunduan sa Biak-na-Bato pact?
(Paano ba mabilis na ipaalam ni Aguinaldo ang nilalaman ng Biak-Na-Bato pact sa walong lalawigan na lumalaban eh wala naman telepono, txt, email pa noon?)
After pumirma si Aguinaldo sa Biak-Na-Bato Pact,
kahit wala si Aguinaldo, nagpatuloy pa ding lumaban ang mga Pinoy sa mga Kastila.
Iniwan ni Aguinaldo ang labanang Pilipino at Kastila.
After nag-pledge-of-allegiance si Aguinaldo sa mga Amerikano, nagpatuloy pa ding lumaban ang mga Pinoy sa mga Amerikano.
Lumaban pa din si Miguel Malvar at Macario Sakay sa mga Amerikano.
Iniwan ni Aguinaldo ang labanang Pilipino at Amerikano.
Iniwan ni Aguinaldo ang mga Pinoy sa gitna ng mga labanan.
Iniwan ni Aguinaldo ang mga Pinoy sa ere.
Unlike Andres Bonifacio at Antonio Luna, ang paglaban at pagkampi ni Aguinaldo sa mga dayuhan ay negotiable.

Maituturing mo ba ngayon na "necessary" ang pagkamatay ni Andres Bonifacio sa kamay ng mga Aguinaldo et al?
Maituturing mo ba ngayon na "necessary" ang pagkamatay ni Antonio Luna sa kamay ng mga Aguinaldo et al?
Pakibasa po ito para malaman po ninyo kung gaano
ka-astig at tigasin itong si General Antonio Luna na nagsabi:
"Better to fall than to accept foreign rule."

Si Jose Rizal ay bayani.
Si Andres Bonifacio ay bayani.
Si Emilio Jacinto ay bayani.
Si Antonio Luna ay bayani.

Si Emilio Aguinaldo....ay politiko.

About the Author


Author & Editor

Food Morning, Bacolod!

tumas said...

Please copy and paste link and read concerning about national heroes to clarify our knowledge about them....


Thank you ~ already copied and pasted the link. :-)

Ledy Subere, Perth, Western Australia said...

hambal sang mga classmates ko sang una...Rizal fight in words and Bonifacio fight in Rizal subject namon.

Elmer Gavile, Hutal, Kandahar, Afghanistan said...

ang PP ko KKK .. para sa kanya !!

Jose Ramon Villanueva said...

The Imperial Manila Revolutionaries were full of deceit, betrayal and greed. They never won the Revolution even if they deceitfully claimed they did ... it was the Americans who paid Spain $20 m to exploit the Philippines natural resources. The only successful Revolution that made the Spaniard Garrisons all over the Negros Island fall was in Negros led by Gen. Aniceto Lacson & Gen. Juan Araneta and their men ... a complete surrender of the enemy without firing a single shot. Sad to say, we're not even included in Imperial Manila's history books !

Richard Flora, Mississauga, Ontario said...

KKK = KLU KLUX KLAN........uuk

Elmer Gavile, Hutal, Kandahar, Afghanistan said...

RichardFlora parti kkk ko nga PP gin pamangkot gid ko sina sang isa ko ka Kano nga upod ky Racist daw ako...amo gid na ila pa namin sang siling mo..

Richard Flora, Mississauga, Ontario said...

Hahahhaahah ......

Sng time ni Marcos may livelihood program xa nga KKK man....ang iya mga galamay nga politico iban in power pa now da.....nag. Kanyang Kanyang Kurakot .....uuuuuuk

Ralph Gene Trabasas Flora, Makati said...

the truth is, it was the US colonists who forced upon us the idea that Rizal should be the national hero otherwise voting for Bonifacio will plant the seed of unrest. being a colonizer, that would be a great blunder. But the question remains: what is a hero? is he the guy who sold the country for some paltiks? he who co-opted and worked in Cuba for Spain? he who was not schooled kuno but history says he read the French Revolution (a read for the highly literate!)?

Ronelie Siervo said...

good day maam! this is smile siervo of gma news and public affairs. we are currently doing a documentary about andres bonifacio at tejeros convention. may we request for your permission some of your photos of andred bonifacio for our documentary sir? rest assured that we are going to acknowledge your piece rightfully with your name. you may reach me directly at 09063880912. thank you sir!

Ronelie Siervo said...

good day maam! this is smile siervo of gma news and public affairs. we are currently doing a documentary about andres bonifacio at tejeros convention. may we request for your permission some of your photos of andred bonifacio for our documentary sir? rest assured that we are going to acknowledge your piece rightfully with your name. you may reach me directly at 09063880912. thank you sir!

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